by Op. Dr. Evren Tevfik İşçi
A hereditary condition that affects 1-2 percent of the population, prominent ear is a hereditary disease. Prominent ear can be unilateral or bilateral, and it develops as a result of cartilage deficit or deformity during primitive ear development in utero.
Ears that are prominent do not heal on their own over time. Around 30% of kids with large ears are born with normal-looking ears, and this condition arises only within the first three months of life. When the delicate cartilage bends repeatedly, especially during breastfeeding, this can aggravate the problem. There are no functional issues with prominent ears.
Prominent ears, on the other hand, might cause severe psychological anguish. The main clinical significance of prominent ears is that they generate aesthetic issues that can lead to a lower quality of life, lower self-esteem, social avoidance behavior, and poor academic achievement. Adversity, such as being teased at school, can result in both short-term misery and a long-term affect on one’s self-image and self-worth.
Are You Concerned About a Baby’s Prominent Ear?
The good news is that large ears do not result in any hearing or health issues. Parents might be concerned about prominent ears, which are normally a minor cosmetic flaw, especially when they are first detected. A significant ear deformity, on the other hand, is not an insurmountable condition, especially if detected early.
Using conspicuous ear bands on newborns is a painless and non-invasive process akin to putting a Band-Aid on a child. There is no need for surgery. The prominent ear band can be used to address a wide range of external ear malformations and abnormalities in infants. The necessity for noticeable ear surgery may be reduced in the future because to early detection and therapy.
What is Prominent Ear Surgery?
Prominent ear surgery, also known as otoplasty, is a procedure used to address irregularities in the anatomy of the ear in children aged 4 and up. Adults may be offered otoplasty for aesthetic or medical reasons in some situations.
Ear abnormalities can create social anxiety at any age, but youngsters are especially vulnerable to mockery. Large ear lobes, projecting or drooping ears, small narrowing ears, or missing cartilaginous ears are all common birth defects. However, traumatic ear abnormalities can occur for a variety of reasons.
Many ear abnormalities can be corrected with otoplasty or comparable operations. These operations are meant to improve looks and self-confidence, but they are rarely utilized to treat hearing loss.
The patient is thoroughly assessed during the consultation phase before to prominent ear surgery. Depending on the complexity of the treatment to be used for the specific instance, the surgery can take anywhere from one to three hours to accomplish. The choice to perform the operation under local or general anesthesia is determined on an individual basis for each patient. In order to keep youngsters calm and comfortable throughout the treatment, general anesthesia is usually used.
The goal of prominent ear correction surgery, also known as otoplasty, is to move prominent ears closer to the head or to shrink the size of large ears. Due to the elasticity of ear cartilage, there will be some forward movement of the ears following surgery.
The following are the steps in a standard prominent ear surgery:
- The underlying cartilage is revealed by cutting the fold of skin behind the ear.
- A large amount of cartilage is removed. The cartilage is sometimes altered by folding it back or suturing it into place.
- Sutures are used to seal the incisions, and the treatment is finished.
After surgery, tight bandages are worn for an average of 1 to 2 weeks, day and night. For several weeks, you may have pain or edema in the surgical location. This illness can be managed with the use of doctor-prescribed drugs. During the recuperation phase, any damage to the ears should be avoided.
Swelling in the application region eventually goes away on its own. Most conspicuous ear surgery results in a minor scar behind the ear that fades after 18 months or longer.
The outcomes of prominent ear surgery are long-lasting. Ear cartilage, on the other hand, has a relatively flexible structure. As a result, it should not be overlooked that some forward migration of the ears may occur following surgery.