by Op. Dr. Evren Tevfik İşçi
Breast reduction aesthetic surgery is a cosmetic operation that includes removing extra glandular tissue, skin, and fat from the breasts. Although it is more commonly used on women, it can also be used on males who have gynecomastia.
Both males and females have a little buildup of breast tissue before puberty. Women’s breasts alter when they approach puberty owing to increasing production of female hormones such as estrogen. As the breasts prepare for a possibility of pregnancy and childbirth, the lobes begin to branch deeper. Furthermore, as women gain weight, fat can accumulate in these subcutaneous adipocytes, causing the breasts to enlarge and grow heavier. Changes in hormones and increased fat storage can result to abnormally big breasts, which can cause a variety of health and aesthetic issues. Breast reduction is one potential remedy to such an issue.
Breast reduction surgery is performed to reduce the size and shape of the breasts so that they are proportional to the rest of the body and no longer cause physical pain. This reliable operation, which is frequently requested, has the benefit of enhancing appearance while reducing the physical and emotional stress of overly big breasts.
When Should Breast Reduction Surgery Be Thought About?
Breast reduction surgery may be performed: -if the breasts are too large in proportion to the body lines. -if the size of the breasts causes back, shoulder, or neck pain. -if one breast is larger than the other, or -if you are dissatisfied with the appearance of your breasts.
Breast reduction surgery improves the appearance of the breasts by making them more proportionate to the body. Furthermore, it relieves neck, back, and shoulder pain and makes breathing and activity easier. And the patient’s clothes will now fits better. As a natural outcome, the patient begins to feel noticeably better about his or her appearance.
How Is the Healing Process Following Breast Reduction Surgery?
Due to the influence of anesthesia, the patient may feel dizzy for a short period of time following breast reduction surgery. The upper part of the chest will be wrapped with surgical covering, and there may be drains in the breast. When the anesthetic effect wears off, some discomfort may occur. Simple pain relievers can be used for this purpose. Although there may be a change in the size of the breasts, there may also be substantial swelling. In most cases, the swelling will not subside in a matter of weeks.
The surgeon’s recommendations must be followed strictly in order to have a quick and healthy recovery following breast reduction surgery. Compression garments should be worn at this time, drains should be kept clean, prescription drugs should be taken as recommended, and a safe activity level should be considered. It should be noted, though, that the healing process following breast reduction surgery may vary depending on personal characteristics.
Drains are typically removed after a week of surgery. During the healing process, incisions and suture lines should be kept dry. The cut regions are evaluated after about 10 days, and the stitches are removed. Since fever can be a sign of infection, the temperature should be measured regularly.
Tenderness, stiffness, and soreness in the breasts may be felt for a few days following surgery. Mild breast edema is also possible. Fluid consumption should be increased, salt consumption should be minimized, and mild walks should be taken.
Bruises might appear following breast reduction surgery. This is determined by the structural qualities of the patient, the surgical method employed, and the efficiency of the epinephrine provided during the surgery. Numbness and variations in nipple sensitivity may occur throughout the healing period.
To keep the torso raised during sleep following the procedure, use at least two or three soft pillows or a filled pillow beneath the back and head, and sleep on a reclining chair if feasible. As a result, it is possible to alleviate pressure on the treated area while also reducing swelling and discomfort.
It is normally advised to walk and move about as soon as possible following surgery to avoid blood clots and edema. For at least 3 to 4 weeks, no activity or vigorous physical activities should be avoided.
Breasts remain the same size after surgery, unless significant weight gain or pregnancy occurs. However, due to the effects of gravity and age, the breasts may relax and sag with time.
Breast Reduction Surgery’s Techniques
Breast reduction can be performed using a variety of techniques. The technique used by the surgeon for every specific patient will vary based on the patient’s existing breast anatomy, the kind and amount of tissue to be removed, and the patient’s desired outcome
Vertical breast reduction, also known as lollipop breast reduction, is the procedure of choice for patients who require modest reduction in breast size and have substantial drooping. This technique consists of two incisions: one along the areola’s edge and another that goes vertically from under the areola to the inframammary fold or crease under the breast. It is a surgical procedure that allows the physician to remove unwanted fat, skin, and breast tissue, remodel the new little breast from the inside, and raise the breast to a younger posture.
Three incisions are used in the inverted T technique: One goes around the areola’s edge, one goes vertically from the areola to the breast crease, and the other goes along the fold under the breast. Because this procedure allows for maximal tissue removal and contouring, plastic surgeons generally employ it when a patient needs to lower a larger breast size and/or repair considerable drooping or asymmetry.